Colour of Poverty—Colour of Change Fact sheets about poverty.
- The 2016 Census showed that 20.8% of peoples of colour in Canada are low-income compared to 12.2% of non-racialized people;
- Racialized women earned 58 cents, and racialized men earned 76 cents, for every dollar a white man earned in Ontario in 2015. The ‘colour-code’ persists for second generation workers of colour;
- The 2016 Census data shows a 45% income gap between Indigenous women and nonIndigenous men, while the average income gap between all Indigenous and non-Indigenous people were 33%;
- In 2016, 40% of inmates in segregation at the Toronto South Detention Centre were Black, but they are only 7.5% of the Toronto population;
- A national study reported that individuals with an Indigenous identity were more than twice as likely (18%) to have experienced hidden homelessness as their non-Indigenous counterparts (8%);
- In 2011-2012, almost 11 million Canadian households experienced food insecurity; the percentage was higher among recent immigrants – 19.6%, versus 12.4% among Canadian born
Treatment: Indigenous Peoples and people of colour report being subjected to rude, disrespectful, harsh, or dismissive treatment by health care staff, due to racially discriminatory stereotypes. The Ontario Human Rights Commission found in 2017 that health workers often do not treat Indigenous Peoples’ symptoms seriously because of assumptions that they are drunk or high. Similarly, Black patients’ symptoms of sickle cell anemia are frequently dismissed as pain related to drug habits.
Cultural Access: The psychiatric system is still Eurocentric in values, worldview and practice, thus presenting systemic challenges at every stage of the system’s interaction with people from racialized groups. OHIP: New immigrants must wait 3 months for OHIP – leading to unaffordable costs or unaddressed health needs.
Suicide rates among First Nations youth are up to seven times higher than among non-Indigenous youth.